Ideal product operating conditions: soil pH 6-8; soil temperature from 5 ˚C; air temperature 25 – 37 degrees heat; sufficient soil moisture, presence of organic matter, oxygen environment.
If the recommended conditions are met, the operation begins immediately after spraying. Certain products may have a dual-mode of action: primary and secondary. Products such as Fosfix Plus, Bacto-K, Bactoforce, and Ruinex take effect as soon as they enter the plant or the soil (the initial action). The primary action is determined by all biologically active substances already present in the biological product. 5-10 days later (under the right conditions) these products reach their peak of secondary action. All other products without primary and secondary operation are distinguished, begin to operate (under optimal conditions) after 24 hours, and reach their peak after 5-10 days.
At pH 4.0-5.0, microorganisms act, but a higher rate of the product is required.
Under ideal conditions, the biological product starts to work after 24 hours and reaches a peak within 5-10 days (another 2-4 weeks the microorganisms are the most active). Later (highly dependent on the natural conditions), the activity gradually weakens within 4-6 weeks (microorganisms die, leaving nutrients to the plants, or mutate and no longer perform their functions). The total biological activity occurs from 1 to 3 months.
Storage conditions from 4 ˚C to 30 ˚C. The lower the temperature, the longer the product can remain unchanged. Avoid direct sunlight.
It is recommended to use the product after opening the storage tank within 72 hours, but it is highly dependent on the storage temperature. If the storage temperature is higher than 25 ˚C, it is recommended to use it as soon as possible. The general recommendation is to use the product immediately after opening to avoid contamination of the product, which may reduce the effectiveness of the product.
Because biological products are in spores, they can be mixed with virtually any chemical. Products containing non-spore-forming micro-organisms are recommended to be sprayed/used as soon as possible after mixing. The general recommendation is to spray/use the biological product as soon as possible. If a mixture of different chemical and biological products is prepared, the biological product must be added last.
Those microorganisms that can form spores begin to form spores in the soil as environmental conditions change from favorable to unfavorable and survive adverse environmental conditions. Those that do not form spores have other protective measures (synthesizing polysaccharides, forming capsules, or secreting mucus) that protect cells from adverse environmental conditions.
In the production of a biological product, certain nutrients suitable for the cultivation of a particular micro-organism are used. During cultivation/fermentation, these nutrients are intensively degraded and converted into various primary and secondary metabolites. Secondary metabolites (organic acids, enzymes, vitamins, hormones, etc.) are most important to us. At the end of the cultivation/fermentation, the nutrients needed for growth are no longer present in the culture medium, so the microorganisms in the product cannot be reproduced in the canisters.
Advantages in powder form: transportation; the period of validity may be longer than 12 months. Disadvantages: after extracting the powder, there is nothing left but the cells; it is necessary to dissolve and activate microorganisms. Advantages in liquid form: the remaining substances (nutrient mass) that remain and are brought together into the soil; take effect immediately. Disadvantages: as these are living microorganisms, the shelf life is 12 months.
It is recommended to use such a canister as soon as possible after the first signs of bloating. If the canister has been swollen for a long time, the product is not recommended.
Because microorganisms are created from nature, excreted naturally, are not toxic, are not genetically modified, there is no risk to soil, no matter what country in the world they are used to. Is completely safe (recognized by the global safety agency GRAS).
There are no scientifically proven effects.
All microorganisms were isolated from soil samples in the territory of Lithuania.
The spore will not work if there are no suitable conditions: biological activity; hummus; temperatures; moisture; pH and so on.
Theoretically can, but in practice very rarely. This can happen if there are too many chemicals and other mutagens (substances that promote mutations) in the soil.
The microorganism will not fix nitrogen, i. will not work. If the environment is rich in nutrients, the microorganism will try to use them instead of wasting energy and material resources to synthesize those nutrients. If there is a lot of nitrogen in the environment, the microorganism will not perform biological nitrogen fixation.
During the biological fixation of nitrogen by microorganisms, nitrogen compounds accumulate inside the cell. When they interact with the environment, the cells die naturally and the nitrogen is released in a form accessible to the plant. In order for nitrogen fixation to take place, the soil must contain iron, molybdenum, and vanadium. This mechanism is characteristic of free-living microorganisms (Azofix Plus). Other microorganisms that perform biological nitrogen fixation may be plant-related and fix nitrogen only after successful plant infection (symbiosis). Such a microorganism is present in Azofix Rhizo. This type of microorganism forms tubers on the roots of the plant and biological fixation of nitrogen begins in them.
Do not spray on a sunny day at temperatures above 25 ˚C. The general recommendation is to spray early in the morning, late in the evening, or when there is no direct sunlight (cloudy). Ultraviolet rays damage cells and possible loss of viability.
The more moisture – all microorganisms work better.
Microorganisms can remain viable for up to 6 months after staining if stored under appropriate conditions.